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Volume 40 No. 1
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Forest Road Planning, Construction and Maintenance to Improve Forest Fire Fighting: a Review

Copyright © 2017 by Croatian Journal of Forest Engineering
volume: 40, issue: 1
Author(s):
  • Laschi Andrea
  • Foderi Cristiano
  • Fabiano Fabio
  • Neri Francesco
  • Cambi Martina
  • Mariotti Barbara
  • Marchi Enrico
Article category:
Subject review
Keywords:
forest road network, fire fighting, fire prevention, forest management, accessibility

Abstract

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Forest roads play a key-role in fire fighting activities. In fact, all ground-based activities are
strictly related to the presence of forest roads as access to fire edge. In spite of this important
role, forest roads are often planned and built without considering their use in fire fighting, and
this also occurs in literature, where few studies are dedicated to the importance of forest roads
in fire fighting. A well-developed and well-maintained forest road network is the answer to
different needs in fire management. The objective of this review is to clarify basic principles
for obtaining efficient road network also for fire fighting, collecting, defining and resuming
the main roles, the most important aspects and the reported experiences to be taken into account
in forest road network planning and maintenance in fire-prone areas. The most important
themes treated are related to: i) the analysis of the functions of forest roads in fire prevention
and suppression; ii) the importance of forest road planning and building also considering their
importance for protecting forests against fires: iii) the construction and maintenance characteristics
to be considered for building and maintaining an efficient forest road network against
fires; iv) the importance of fire prevention and the related role of forest roads. Special attention
has been dedicated to maintenance activities, because a not well-maintained forest road is a
not efficient forest road, and it represents a useless economic and environmental cost.

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Web of Science Impact factor (2017): 1.714
Five-years impact factor: 1.775
Next issue: January 2019

Subject area

Agricultural and Biological Sciences

Category/Quartile

Forestry/Q1