Pentek Tibor, PhD. Prof.

Looking Forward to the 45th International Symposium FORMEC 2012

volume: 33, issue: 1

Primary Forest Opening of Different Relief Areas in the Republic of Croatia

volume: 32, issue: 1

Possibilities of Application of Relative Openness in Secondary Forest Opening of Slope Forests in Croatia

volume: 32, issue: 1

Severity Analysis of Accidents in Forest Operations (p.171-184)

volume: 30, issue: 2

110 Years of University Forestry Education in the Republic of Croatia (p.109-112)

volume: 29, issue: 2

Are We on the Right Path? (p.1-4)

volume: 29, issue: 1

Filling in the Clearance of a Forest Road Cross-Section in Beech Forest (p.53-62)

volume: 29, issue: 1

Methodology for Development of Secondary Forest Traffic Infrastructure Cadastre (p.75-83)

volume: 29, issue: 1

Traffic load of forest roads as a criterion for their categorization ? GIS analysis

volume: 28, issue: 1

Forest road network in the Republic of Croatia ? Status and perspectives

volume: 28, issue: 1

At the end of the second (27th) volume

volume: 27, issue: 2


volume: 27, issue: 1

New journal ? Croatian Journal of Forest Engineering

volume: 26, issue: 1

Analysis of an existing forest road network

volume: 26, issue: 1

Impact of traffic characteristics on forest roads due to forest management

volume: 26, issue: 1

Recent Challenges of Forest Engineering Academic Education

volume: 34, issue: 1

Modelling of Downhill Timber Skidding: Bigger Load – Bigger Slope

volume: 37, issue: 1

50 Years of FORMEC International Network

volume: 38, issue: 2

Current State and Improvement Potential of Forestry Workers Training in Croatia

volume: 39, issue: 2

This paper discusses the key issues of forestry workers training in Croatia, especially dealing
with the providers of vocational training, their profile, training procedures and measures
necessary for training improvement. A combined approach of literature review, internet search
and questionnaire of training providers was applied in order to collect data on training programs
conducted in Croatia. The research was conducted during 2016, and it included 94
legal entities authorized for occupational safety training in the Republic of Croatia, with respect
to safe working practice training and vocational training for operating machinery (chainsaw
and/or skidder). The analysis used basic descriptive statistics.
Research results showed that 30.85% of the analyzed legal entities provide only training for
safe working practice, 15.96% provide both trainings – safe work practice and vocational
training for operating machinery, 5.32% of the analyzed entities provide only vocational
training for operating machinery, 31.91% do not carry out any form of training in forestry,
while 15.96% refused to answer questions. On the other hand, 15.56% of the legal entities,
which do not carry out any training or did not answer these questions, have on their official
website services posted for vocational training in operating machinery (chainsaw and/or skidder).
The key findings of the conducted research have pointed out the great heterogeneity
amongst providers of forestry workers training, and certain reductions or limitations in the
current training programs, both from the aspect of duration of the theoretical and practical
training, and the use of non-transparent criteria and standards in the assessment of training.
As an example of successful solution in forestry workers training, European Chainsaw Standard
model (ECS) is shortly presented in the paper. Discussion and conclusion sections provide
an overview of legislative and organizational requirements for the application of previously
developed European model (ECS) in developing the certification system for training of forestry
workers in Croatia.

Round Wood Waste and Losses – Is Rationalisation in Scaling Possible?

volume: 41, issue:

The term »loss« should be distinguished from the term »waste« commonly used by forestry practitioners to indicate the difference between gross volume (planned production based on official tariffs) and net volume (produced timber volume) of trees. Volume loss in round wood refers to the difference between the actual volume of round wood and the volume determined based on the prescribed method of measurement and calculation. As a result of prescribed scaling methods and calculations, volume losses appear due to 1) used volume equations, 2) prescribed method of measurement (i.e. measurements of length and mid-length diameter) and 3) deduction of double bark thickness. In Croatia, round wood is cross-cut and transported with bark, while logs are measured and sold without bark. In this way, the bark is an unnecessary ballast in production, but has many possible applications such as energy source, in the production of wooden boards in construction, in nurseries and horticulture, etc. The research was conducted on 225 butt-logs of sessile oak (Quercus petraea (Matt.) Liebl.) ranging in diameter classes from 27.5 cm to 67.5 cm from even-aged forests in the central part of Croatia. Deduction of double bark thickness caused a higher average loss in the volume when using Huber’s equation at 14% and when using Riecke-Newton’s equation at 13.5%. In both volume estimation methods, the loss due to double bark thickness was slightly reduced exponentially as the diameter of but-logs increased. The determined dependence of the bark thickness on diameter of butt-logs over bark indicates the need for correction of the bark deduction tables that are in operational use in Croatian forestry and are provided by trading practices, and since they are not the result of scientific research, they lead to unfair payment between sellers and buyers of round wood. Comparison analysis of the simulation of butt-logs indicated that the introduction of Riecke-Newton’s equation for estimating the volume of commercially important assortments in Croatian forestry is justified. The use of Riecke-Newton’s equation in these terms leads on average to a 6.6% higher volume of butt-logs than the use of Huber’s equation for estimating the volume of assortments.

Determination of Optimal Distribution and Transportation Network (Wood Transportation in Iran)

volume: 43, issue:

Today, transportation network optimization has become one of the significant aspects of supply chain planning, and even a slight rise in productivity can significantly reduce costs of distribution of wood in the transportation network. In the forest based industry, given that transportation is the main cost of raw wood supply, using transportation planning, distribution should be done in a way so as to minimize the overall wood displacement. Such planning must meet the needs of all demand centers and the distribution supplier points must be used to their full capacity. Accordingly, the present study strived to find an optimal solution for transportation and distribution of raw wood from the main supplier points to small and large centers of wood and paper industries in Iran. This optimization simultaneously focuses on several products and is at the macroeconomic level of the country wood market. To achieve this goal, linear programming – Transportation Simplex Algorithm was used. The results show a significant fall in transportation costs and a more organized wood distribution network than the current situation. This cost reduction can be attributed to decisions about the optimal distribution of wood types, determining transport routes, and opting for the right type of truck supplier based on load tonnage and distance. This plummet in transportation costs plunges the cost of wood and wood products, which will surge competition in the business and will be of interest to manufacturers, distributors, customers and stakeholders in general.


Web of Science Impact factor (2022): 3.200
Five-years impact factor: 3.000

Quartile: Q1 - Forestry

Subject area

Agricultural and Biological Sciences