Productivity Model for Cut-to-Length Harvester Operation in South African Eucalyptus Pulpwood Plantations
volume: 39, issue: 1
- Norihiro Jennifer
- Ackerman Simon A.
- Spong Ben D.
- Längin Dirk
- Article category:
- Original scientific paper
- cut-to-length, eucalyptus, pulpwood, full-mechanized system, productivity study
There has been a concerted shift from traditional motor-manual and semi-mechanised timber
harvesting systems to mechanised cut-to length (CTL) operations in South Africa. This is
particularly true in Eucalyptus pulpwood felling and processing, South Africa’s largest commercial
wood resources used in the pulp and paper industry. Mechanisation improvements
are typically driven by increasing safety regulations, product quality and productivity concerns
related to traditional harvesting systems. The objective of this study is to develop productivity
models for mechanised Eucalyptus pulpwood CTL felling and processing operations by combining
the results of a number of individual studies done over a period of 24 months in the summer
rainfall areas of South Africa. The study takes into account species, machine type (purpose
built vs. excavator based), silvicultural practices (planted vs. coppiced) and slope. The pooled
data revealed general productivity ranges from 5.16 m3 PMH-1 to 27.49 m3 PMH-1.