Stampfer Karl, PhD. Assoc. Prof.

Development of a Multi-Criteria Decision Support Tool for Energy Wood Supply Management

volume: 33, issue: 2

Wood Density Impact on Hand-Arm Vibration

volume: 33, issue: 2

FORMEC ? Progress Made and the Way Ahead

volume: 32, issue: 2

Utilization Rates and Cost Factors in Timber Harvesting Based on Long-term Machine Data

volume: 32, issue: 2

Analysis of Accidents During Cable Yarding Operations in Austria 1998?2008

volume: 32, issue: 2

Workload Benefits of Using a Synthetic Rope Strawline in Cable Yarder Rigging in Norway

volume: 32, issue: 2

Development of a Multi-Attribute Spatial Decision Support System in Selecting Timber Harvesting Systems

volume: 31, issue: 2

Efficiency and Ergonomic Benefits of Using Radio Controlled Chokers in Cable Yarding (p. 1-9)

volume: 31, issue: 1

Evaluation of the Feller-Buncher Moipu 400E for Energy Wood Harvesting (p.117-128)

volume: 29, issue: 2

Forwarding productivity in Southern Austria (p.169-175)

volume: 28, issue: 2

Current state and development possibilities of wood chip supply chains in Austria

volume: 27, issue: 2

An Integrative Decision Support Tool for Assessing Forest Road Options in a Mountainous Region in Romania

volume: 34, issue: 1

Comparing Two Different Approaches in Modeling Small Diameter Energy Wood Drying in Logwood Piles

volume: 35, issue: 1

Untreated Wood Ash as a Structural Stabilizing Material in Forest Roads

volume: 35, issue: 1

Productivity Analysis of an Un-Guyed Integrated Yarder-Processor with Running Skyline

volume: 35, issue: 2

Efficiency of Topping Trees in Cable Yarding Operations

volume: 36, issue: 2

Expanding Ground-based Harvesting onto Steep Terrain: A Review

volume: 36, issue: 2

Impact of Different Time Interval Bases on the Accuracy of Meteorological Data Based Drying Models for Oak (Quercus L.) Logs Stored in Piles for Energy Purposes

volume: 38, issue: 1

50 Years of FORMEC International Network

volume: 38, issue: 2

Assessing Cable Tensile Forces and Machine Tilt of Winch-Assisted Forwarders on Steep Terrain under Real Working Conditions

volume: 40, issue:

Winch-assisted forwarders are now commonly accepted as an innovative alternative for extracting wood on challenging terrain. In order to assess safety risks, it is necessary to know the tensile forces in the steel wire rope and their interaction with the machine tilt under real working conditions. In this study, the tensile force and the machine tilt of two winch-assisted forwarders (John Deere 1210E and Komatsu 840TX) were observed for about 15 work hours without delays on two different stands in Austria. The tensile force data and the machine tilt data were separated by work elements. The mean tensile force ranged from 18.1 kN for unloading up to 56.8 kN for loading activities. During the measurements, the cable tensile force exceeded 50% of the minimum breaking strength (MBS) only twice. The maximum observed tensile force was 174.5 kN or 82.7% of the MBS, respectively, which led to a failure of the steel cable. For the machine tilt, a maximum of 80% was measured during loading and driving during loading. John Deere 1210E was operated 31% of the productive work time above the manufacturers tilt limit. For Komatsu 840TX, the manufacturers’ maximum tilt limit was exceeded only twice. The study also showed that peaks with an amplitude of up to 50 kN can occur within a few centiseconds, which highlights the need of high measurement rates, when measuring cable tensile force of winch-assisted machinery. The detailed analysis of the peaks showed that 90% of the pit-to-peak amplitudes ≥20 kN occurred during driving activities. Only 10% of pit-to-peak amplitudes ≥20 kN were measured during loading activities, although loading took about 43.5% of the productive work time. As such, the study results confirm that amplitudes of peaks in tensile force, and hence safety risks, are significantly higher during driving than during loading.

Periodical Maintenance of Forest Roads with a Mobile Stone Crusher

volume: 42, issue:

Forest road networks are exposed to damage by traffic, climate, timber harvesting and vegetation. To maintain their functionality, they must be maintained regularly. Periodical maintenance is required when the forest road surface layer is deteriorated and eroded. Well-graded material is required for replacing the forest road surface and often has to be sourced from gravel storage areas, which is costly and requires a large number of truck trips. Therefore, converting non-graded aggregate available on site into well-graded aggregate with a mobile stone crusher is considered a viable alternative.

The present study was carried out during a periodical maintenance treatment at the Bavarian State Forest Enterprise and the effect of employing a mobile stone crusher was evaluated with regard to (1) forest road load bearing capacity development during a one-year period post-treatment, (2) particle size distribution of the surface layer material before and after crushing, and (3) its cost compared to other alternatives. Samples were collected pre- and post-operation for particle size distribution analysis, load bearing capacity was measured repeatedly with a light falling weight deflectometer and compared to an untreated reference section and cost of the treatment was compared to two alternatives.

The mobile stone crusher was capable of reducing the non-graded to well-graded/close-to-well-graded material and particle size distributions aligned well with the recommendations for lime-water bonded surfaces. Load bearing capacity exceeded the threshold of 40 MN m-2 (Evd, elastic modulus dynamic) for primary forest roads at all times. It increased significantly after the treatment and remained on a significantly higher level throughout the following year. Absolute and relative increases were higher than on the untreated reference section. The treatment variant involving a mobile stone crusher and material available on site was substantially cheaper (5.31 € m-1) than to supply non-graded (16.29 € m-1) or well-graded (19.82 € m-1) material by truck. Material and transport costs represented 67% and 82% of the total costs in the latter two cases. It can be concluded that mobile stone crushers are capable of producing at least close-to-well-graded forest road surface aggregate and that forest road load bearing capacity can be significantly and lastingly increased at only a part of the costs of the alternatives. A maximum of cost and resource efficiency and environmental soundness can be attained when enough surface aggregate is available on site. If this is not the case, sourcing non-graded material as local as possible is the next best alternative.


Web of Science Impact factor (2020): 2.088
Five-years impact factor: 2.077

Quartile: Q2 - Forestry

Subject area

Agricultural and Biological Sciences